THE SOUTHERN CROSS PEREGRINE PROJECT
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) is perhaps the most widely distributed bird on earth. It occurs on every continent (with the exception of Antarctica) and many isolated oceanic islands. Because of this broad distribution and subsequent isolation, 17-19 distinctive subspecies or “races” have evolved over time. Despite their name, which means “wanderer”, the majority of peregrine subspecies are sedentary, remaining at or near their breeding sites throughout the year. Only five subspecies are strongly migratory. All of them breed in the northern Arctic regions and migrate south in the winter. Two races nest in North America and three others breed across Europe and Asia. The most highly migratory race is the North American tundra peregrine (F.p. tundrius), which breeds across the North American Arctic from Alaska to Baffin Island.